Girls in Apprenticeships

Do young people think that apprenticeships are for boys? We take a look at girls in apprenticeships. What apprenticeships are they doing and which are they not?A research paper issued by Unionlearn with the TUC on Under-representation by gender and race in Apprenticeships indicates that “gender differences in Apprenticeship sectors may be reflective of segregation in the broader labour market”, which basically means that although there is very little difference in the number of males and females taking up apprenticeships, the sectors that they work in vary greatly, with females being under-represented in sectors like engineering and males being under-represented in sectors such as the children’s and young people’s workforce.Why is this?The Women’s Business Council has stated that “The choices young women make about education and careers are shaped by the interplay between cultural messages, peer and parental pressures, people they meet from the world of work and their individual self-determination. Stereotypes about ‘men’s work’ and ‘women’s work’ are a strong influence even at primary school and by GCSE level gendered career ambitions are clearly evident.”What needs to be done?UnionLearn has recommended that schools should promote apprenticeships as an option for all and challenge traditional gender stereotyping from an early stage;
There should be more targeted support and careers guidance for young women from school age upwards;
There should be more taster courses and work experience for young people before they decide on their chosen apprenticeship; and
There should be more visits for young women to male-dominated workplaces.
There is absolutely no reason why as a female you shouldn’t be considering a career in a STEM subject like engineering or in construction. Don’t miss out on a financially rewarding career option because of stereotyping.
Percentages of apprentices by gender 2002 - 2016

02/03

03/04

04/05

05/06

06/07

07/08

08/09

09/10

10/11

11/12

12/13

13/14

14/15

15/16

Female

49.6%

48.2%

46.4%

47.2%

45.8%

47.4%

49.7%

49.6%

53.8%

53.1%

54.7%

52.9%

53.0%

52.8%

Male

50.4%

51.8%

53.6%

52.8%

54.2%

52.6%

50.3%

50.4%

46.2%

46.9%

45.3%

47.1%

47.0%

47.2%

What apprenticeships are girls doing?In 2014/15 100% of apprentices for the following apprenticeship frameworks were girls

Bookkeeping

Floristry

Nursing Assistants in a Veterinary Environment

Spa Therapy

Over 80% of all apprentices on the following apprenticeship frameworks were girls

Learning Support

80%

Equine Industry

81%

Care Leadership and Management

83%

Human Resource Management

83%

Health and Social Care

84%

Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools

86%

Travel Services

86%

Health (Assistant Practitioner)

87%

Hairdressing

91%

Children's Care Learning and Development

93%

Nail Services

95%

Veterinary Nursing

95%

Dental Nursing

97%

Beauty Therapy

99%

Which apprenticeships are girls not doing?Under 10% of all apprentices on the following frameworks in 2014/15 were female

Glass Industry Occupations

1%

Public Services

1%

Electrotechnical

1%

Vehicle Body and Paint Operations

1%

Rail Transport Engineering

2%

Vehicle Maintenance and Repair

2%

MES Plumbing

2%

Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

2%

Gas Industry

2%

Construction Skills

2%

Rail Infrastructure Engineering

3%

Vehicle Fitting

3%

Engineering

3%

Land-based Service Engineering

3%

Trees and Timber

4%

Sustainable Resource Management

5%

Smart Meter Installations (Dual Fuel)

5%

Driving Goods Vehicles

5%

Horticulture

6%

Engineering Construction

7%

Furniture Furnishings and Interiors Industry

7%

Providing Security Services

7%

Engineering Technology

7%

Signmaking

8%

Building Services Engineering Technicians

8%

Vehicle Parts Operations

9%

According to the official government data sets there were no female apprentices on the following frameworks in 2014/15

Advanced Diagnostics and Management Principles

Broadcast Production

Building Energy Management Systems

Composite Engineering

Electrical and Electronic Servicing

Emergency Fire Service Operations

Explosives Storage and Maintenance

Extractive and Mineral Processing Occupations

Farriery

Fencing

Game and Wildlife Management

Information Security

Locksmithing

Marine Industry

Metal Processing and Allied Operations

Mineral Products Technology

Multi-skilled Vehicle Collision Repair

Polymer Processing and Signmaking

Power Industry

Rail Engineering Overhead Line Construction

Rail Traction and Rolling Stock Engineering

Specialized Process Operations (Nuclear)

Transport Engineering and Maintenance

Vehicle Restoration

Water Industry

Wood and Timber Processing and Merchants Industry

Electrical /Electronic Technical Support Engineer

Manufacturing Engineer

Network Engineer

Power Network Craftsperson

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